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14 Viewsยท 03/19/24
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In History

โฃThe Gleasonโ€™s Map is not a Globe projection. Claiming so is provably a lie the globe defenders love to tell. Every Flat Earther should bookmark this and use it every time they lie about it. Every Globie should watch this and learn something.
Ted Theodore Logan (@TedLogan1010) March 19, 2024
Our PLANE[T] is a TORUS โ˜‰
Posted this before: Bechorot 16a ~ A Flat Earth, The Eye, and the Sky
ื‘ื›ื•ืจื•ืช ื˜ื–, ื
A film over the eye - ื‘ื“ื•ืงื™ืŸ ืฉื‘ืขื™ืŸ
An animal brought to the Temple in Jerusalem as a sacrifice must be free of physical deformities or blemishes. One of these is a film over the cornea or, according to some, over the eyelid. The word duk (ื“ืง), which in modern Hebrew means thin, is translated as either a cataract (Soncino and Schottenstein) or โ€œa veiled or withered spotโ€ (Jastrow).
To better understand the etymology of the word, Rashi draws our attention to the verse in Isaiah (40:22 ) ื”ึทื ึผื•ึนื˜ึถื” ื›ึทื“ึผึนืง ืฉืึธืžึทื™ึดื ื•ึทื™ึผึดืžึฐืชึผึธื—ึตื ื›ึผึธืึนื”ึถืœ ืœึธืฉืึธื‘ึถืช โ€œWho spread out the skies like a film [ื›ึทื“ึผึนืง], stretched them out like a tent to dwell in.โ€ He notes that in the French of his day the the word for ื“ึผึนืง is โ€œteileโ€ or toile, (ื˜ื™ื™ืœืณื or ื˜ื•ืœื) meaning a canvas or fabric. So the Talmud is describing a film over the eye, and this is certainly a reasonable way to describe a cataract, which is a cloudiness of the lens in the eye. In a cow it would look like this:
Rashi then gives an alternative meaning for the word: a blemish on the eyelids. He continues
ืœ"ื ื“ื•ืงื™ืŸ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื• ืžื•ื ื‘ืขืคืขืคื™ื ื•ืœื”ื›ื™ ืงืจื™ ืœืขืคืขืคื™ื ื“ื•ืง ืขืœ ื”ืขื™ืŸ ื›ืจืงื™ืข ื“ื”ื›ื™ ืืžืจื™ื ืŸ ื‘ืกืคืจื™ ืื’ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืŸ ื“ื•ืžื” ืœืขื•ืœื ืงื˜ืŸ ื”ืขืคืขืคื™ื ื›ื ื’ื“ ื”ืจืงื™ืข ื•ื”ืชื—ืชื•ืŸ ื›ื ื’ื“ ื”ืืจืฅ ื•ื”ืœื‘ืŸ ืฉืžืงื™ืฃ ืืช ื”ืขื™ืŸ ื›ื ื’ื“ ื™ื ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก ืฉืกื•ื‘ื‘ ืืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื•ื”ืฉื—ื•ืจ ืฉื‘ื• ืฉื”ื•ื ืขื’ื•ืœ ื“ื•ืžื” ืœื’ืœื’ืœ ื—ืžื”
We read about this in homiletic stories: The eye is a mini representation of the world. The upper eyelid represent the rakia (the vault over the sky that contains the stars) and the lower lid represents the earth. The white of the eye [the conjunctiva] represents the ocean that encircles the world, and the dark part which is circular [the pupil] represents the orbit of the sun.
Rashi seems to suggest that since the upper eyelid is described as representing the skies, which are stretched out like a canvas, working backwards the word ื“ึผึนืง could mean the eyelid. The aggadic (homiletic) parable to which Rashi is referring is from Derech Eretz Zuta, a minor tractate of the Talmud (and not part of the daily one-page a day cycle). Here it is, from the end of the ninth chapter:
ืื‘ื ืื™ืกื™ ื‘ืŸ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืžืฉื•ื ืฉืžื•ืืœ ื”ืงื˜ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ: ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื–ื” ื“ื•ืžื” ืœื’ืœื’ืœ ืขื™ื ื• ืฉืœ ืื“ื. ืœื‘ืŸ ืฉื‘ื• ื–ื” ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก ืฉืžืงื™ืฃ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืฉื—ื•ืจ ืฉื‘ื• ื–ื” ื”ืขื•ืœื ืงื•ืžื˜ ืฉื‘ืฉื—ื•ืจ ื–ื” ื™ืจื•ืฉืœื™ื ืคืจืฆื•ืฃ ืฉื‘ืงื•ืžื˜ ื–ื” ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืงื“ืฉ, ืฉื™ื‘ื ื” ื‘ืžื”ืจื” ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ื‘ื™ืžื™ ื›ืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืืžืŸ
The world can be compared to the eyes of a person. The whites of the eyes are the ocean that encircles the entire world. The dark part (? the ring around the iris) is the world, the iris [lit. the folded part of the pupil] is Jerusalem, and the pupil [lit image in the iris] is the Temple, may it be rebuilt speedily and in our days and the days of all of Israel, Amen.
So we have two ways in which eye might echo a map of the world. And although it is not entirely clear what the terms ืงื•ืžื˜ ืฉื‘ืฉื—ื•ืจ and ืคืจืฆื•ืฃ ืฉื‘ืงื•ืžื˜ mean, the maps look something like this:
Both of these โ€œeye mapsโ€ capture elements of talmudic geography. In the talmudic mind, the Earth was a flat disc covered by an opaque sky known as the rakia. Exactly how the sun moved was the topic of a famous dispute between the โ€œwise men of Israelโ€ and the โ€œwise Gentiles.โ€ Here it is:
ืคืกื—ื™ื ืฆื“,ื‘
ื—ื›ืžื™ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ื ื—ืžื” ืžื”ืœื›ืช ืœืžื˜ื” ืžืŸ ื”ืจืงื™ืข ื•ื‘ืœื™ืœื” ืœืžืขืœื” ืžืŸ ื”ืจืงื™ืข ื•ื—ื›ืžื™ ืื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ื ื—ืžื” ืžื”ืœื›ืช ืœืžื˜ื” ืžืŸ ื”ืจืงื™ืข ื•ื‘ืœื™ืœื” ืœืžื˜ื” ืžืŸ ื”ืงืจืงืข ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื•ื ืจืื™ืŸ ื“ื‘ืจื™ื”ืŸ ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื• ืฉื‘ื™ื•ื ืžืขื™ื ื•ืช ืฆื•ื ื ื™ืŸ ื•ื‘ืœื™ืœื” ืจื•ืชื—ื™ืŸ
The wise men of Israel say that during the day the Sun travels under the rakia, and at night it travels above the rakia. And Gentile wise men say: during the day the Sun travels under the rakia and at night under the Earth. Rabbi [Yehudah Hanasi] said: their view is more logical than ours for during the day springs are cold and at night they are warm.
The two options are shown below. In both, the earth is a flat disc surrounded by water. They really do match nicely with the eyeballs image.
We have discussed the sunโ€™s orbit around the earth back in February 2017. There is no doubt that the rabbis of the Talmud actually believed the world was actually a disk surrounded by an ocean.
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